(click images to see larger ones)
Blue Mountains Wildflowers
Acacias & Myrtles
Here you'll find wattles, eucalypts and tea-trees.
Acacias (family Mimosaceae)
There are an estimated 900 species of Acacia in Australia. And this includes the Australian Floral Emblem, the Golden Wattle (Acacia pycnantha) - which is not indigenous to the Blue Mountains.
The Blue Mountains region has about 60 species.
Index to our Acacia collection -
Myrtles (family Myrtaceae)
There's 130 species of the Myrtaceae family in the Blue Mountains. The most prolific genus, of course, is the eucalypt or gum tree which has 70 species. Next is the Leptospermum genus (Tea-trees) which has 20
Eucalypts have the distinction of giving the Blue Mountains its colour and therefore its name. The blue hue of distant hills is caused by fine droplets of eucalyptus oil in the air.
Index to our Myrtle collection -
Our Acacia Collection
Although flowering for all except the summer months, it's in winter when it's at its best - bringing brilliant splashes of yellow to the bush.
The flowers are 1cm wide.
Flowering in late winter, it does indeed have a gentle sweet smell.
The terete (long and cylindrical) leaves identifies this acacia. It flowers in summer and autumn, and is found in swamps and next to watercourses in the Mid to Upper Blue Mountains.
Brilliant yellow flowers in spring, this wattle is identified by the 3-5 flowers in each globe, and the
in its dull green leaves being off-centre.
Sydney Golden Wattle
This spring flowering wattle is identified by two dominant
in its long leaves (up to 20cm), and two or three less conspicuous ones.
A medium size tree - growing to 30 metres, it is identified by the 3-5 or more longitudinal veins on its
By far the most prickly of similar species, this, and its brighter flowers and more pungent pointed leaves identify it.
It flowers from winter into spring.
The smaller triangular leaves (around 5mm) help identify this little wattle.
It flowers from winter into spring.
A small tree, with very sharp broad leaves. Stunning when in flower in early spring.
shows its opening buds and leaves.
Also called Hedge Wattle and was previously A. armata. Its thorns and leaves readily identify it.
This plant was found in Wollemi National Park.
Flowering in late winter, it is identified by its broad red edged leaves. It is also known as the Red-stemmed Wattle.
shows its opening buds and red stem.
This small prickly plant is identified by its very short peduncles (stalks). It is a threatened species and is only found in the Upper and mid Blue Mountains.
Its flowers are 10mm across and phyllodes (leaves) up to 15mm in length.
Our Myrtle Collection
This species of the unmistakable Scribbly Gum is common in the Blue Mountains. It is also known as the Hard-leaved Scribbly Gum.
As the bark ages through the year, it goes from cream to grey, before eventually peeling off in strips in summer.
The combination of bark colour, sap and scribbles produces some amazing images.
Identified by its red branchlets and the veins of its leaves, this spring flowering eucalypt also has a purple ring around the edge of each flower.
The Silver-top Ash is used in the Eden's woodchip export industry.
It is also known as Black Ash.
Blue Mountains Ash
Magnificent! Its tall white trunk identifies it - together with the strips of bark around its base.
A photo can't capture its grandeur.
showing its base.
Very similar description to L. grandifolium
. However, I believe the specimen shown here is L. lanigerum
due to its very
and shorter leaves - many less than 10mm.
Similar in description to several species, but its larger flowers (up to 20mm) differentiates it.
It also flowers in Autumn, which helps identify it. But to confuse matters, it also flowers in Spring.
Also known as the Lemon-scented Tea-tree due to the lemony fragrance of its crushed leaves.
can be readily seen on its leaves.
It produces a mass of flowers in early summer.
Characterised by its paperbark bark
, it's a small tree that flowers in late spring/early summer.
The flowers are 10-15mm across.
that shows its pubescent (soft covering of soft weak hairs) new growth - both branches and leaves.
This shrub is identified by its prickly leaves - its
is not prickly and has long appressed hairs.
The leaves and flowers are held very tightly to the branches - as this
The 10mm flowers appear in late spring.
Being prickly it can be confused with L. juniperinum
, however there are several marked distinctions -
it has rough bark
are occasionally twisted;
is at the end of a branchlet, and has a rosette of leaves.
Small Leaf Tea-tree
A small variety of tea-tree (up to 2m high) whose leaves are less than 1cm long and whose petals are barely 5mm.
Common Fringe Myrtle
This plant is found across the southern states of Australia and into Queensland. The thread coming from the tip of each of the five sepals is known
as an awn. The petals are about 5mm in length.
The two patches of Darwinia taxifolia I have found in the upper Blue Mountains, are on the most exposed terrain possible.
This hardy plant flowers in winter and spring.
Kunzeas are distinguished from Tea Trees by the long style
coming from the centre of the flower. K. capitata
is differentiated from K. parvifolia
by its longer leaves - 4-9mm versus 1-4mm.
Pink Buttons is also known as Heath Kunzea.
The 5mm wide flowers appear in summer.
The shrub is up to 2 metres high and its weeping form distinguishes it.
Here's another image